Related Websites

Pain Treatment Topics evaluated the Internet sites below as being essentially non-commercial and serving the information and education needs of the pain management community. Websites do not qualify for linking if they have a primary purpose of selling specific products or services, offer opinions or viewpoints that are not scientifically substantiated, present information in a way that might be confusing or misleading to our audience, and/or have primarily a political agenda.

Pain Treatment Topics is not ultimately responsible or liable for contents of the selected third party websites and professional discretion in their use is advised. Also see, Pain-Topics.org Site Policies and the policies of the individual websites.

All URL links were working at the time of posting and are periodically checked. To notify us of broken links or to have a website considered for this list, send e-mail to: [email protected].

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Visit Pain Treatment Topics Supporters & Affiliates

General Interest Pain Sites

Headache Pain / Migraine

Chronic Pain & Fibromyalgia

Cancer Pain

End of Life / Palliative Care

Specialty Pain Websites

International Organizations

Substance Abuse & Addiction

Professional Journals, Magazines & Newsletters on Pain

Reference Sources / Evidence-Based Medicine

Alphabetical Listing of Websites

Researched, reviewed & compiled by Stewart B. Leavitt, MA, PhD; Diane Dahl Leavitt; Winnie Dawson, MA, RN, BSN

Visit Pain Treatment Topics Supporters & Affiliates

American Academy of Pain Management (Affiliate)

http://www.aapainmanage.org/ –– The American Academy of Pain Management (AAPM) is the largest multidisciplinary membership organization in the United States for pain practitioners. With more than 6,000 members, the nonprofit Academy provides credentialing of healthcare providers in pain management, accreditation of facilities, networking opportunities, continuing education, and an annual clinical meeting. Access checked January 10, 2008.

American Association for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence (Affiliate)

http://www.aatod.org –– The American Association for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence (AATOD) is a nonprofit organization for healthcare professionals founded in 1984 to enhance the quality of patient care in addiction treatment programs by promoting the growth and development of comprehensive medication-assisted therapy services throughout the United States and internationally. Access checked January 10, 2008.

American Chronic Pain Association (Affiliate)

http://www.theacpa.org –– Founded in 1980, this organization’s mission is to facilitate peer support and education for individuals with chronic pain and their families so that these individuals may live more fully despite their pain and to raise awareness among the health care community, policy makers, and the public at large about issues of living with chronic pain. The ACPA website features a variety of unique educational materials and other resources for patients, their families, and healthcare professionals. Access checked October 29, 2009.

American College of Apothecaries (Affiliate)

http://www.americancollegeofapothecaries.com/ –– The American College of Apothecaries (ACA) focuses on the dissemination of knowledge, research data, and recent developments in professional pharmacy practice for the benefit of pharmacists, pharmacy students, and the public. Within the ACA, a specialty practice group for pharmacists interested in strengthening their practices in hospice care and pain management was established in January 2006. Access checked January 14, 2012.

American Pain Foundation (Affiliate)

http://painfoundation.org –– Founded in 1997, the American Pain Foundation (APF) is an independent nonprofit organization serving people with pain through information, advocacy, and support. The organization’s mission is to improve the quality of life of people with pain by raising public awareness, providing practical information, promoting research, and advocating to remove barriers and increase access to effective pain management. Access checked January 10, 2008.

American Society of Pain Educators (Affiliate)

http://www.paineducators.org/ –– The American Society of Pain Educators (ASPE) is a nonprofit professional organization dedicated to improving pain management through the education and training of healthcare professionals to become Certified Pain Educators (CPEs). As the only organization focusing on pain-educator training, the Society teaches healthcare professionals to serve as resources in educating their clinical peers, as well as patients, families, and caregivers on ways to relieve pain by the safest means possible. Access checked May 15, 2009.

Endo Pharmaceuticals (Supporter)

http://www.endo.com/ — Founded in 1997, the company is engaged in the research, development, sale, and marketing of branded and generic prescription pharmaceuticals used to treat and manage pain, bladder cancer, prostate cancer, and the early onset of puberty in children. Access checked February 9, 2010.

EUROPAD — European Opiate Addiction Treatment Association (Affiliate)

http://www.europad.org/ — This organization was founded in Geneva, Switzerland in 1994. With approximately 800 memebers, it is a nonprofit organization with a mission to improve the lives of opioid drug misusers and their families, and to reduce the impact of illicit drug use on society as a whole. The interface of pain and addiction is a special interest. Access checked January 5, 2008.

National Fibromyalgia & Chronic Pain Association (Affiliate)

http://fmcpAware.org/ — The National Fibromyalgia & Chronic Pain Association (NfmCPA) is a not for profit organization working to support people who have chronic pain illnesses and their families and friends by contributing to caring, professional, and community relationships. Through continuing education, networking with support groups/advocates, and affiliations with professional organizations, the members of the NfmCPA have a place to be informed, get involved, and recognize achievements in helping persons with pain. Access checked September 20, 2011.

National Fibromyalgia Association (Affiliate)

http://www.fmaware.org/ –– A nonprofit organization founded in 1997 and dedicated to informing and educating communities, patients, and healthcare professionals about fibromyalgia through special events, a magazine and newsletter, and other awareness programs. Access checked January 18, 2009.

http://www.FibromyalgiaHCP.org — Professional Resource Center – this was created by the NFA specifically for healthcare professionals (HCPs) to help them find information on new fibromyalgia research, NIH and FDA updates, advocacy issue, CME/CE resources, NFA programs, and other resources. Access verified January 18, 2009.

Opioids911-Safety: Help for Safely Using Opioid Pain Relievers

http://Opioids911.org –– is an independent, noncommercial, Internet-based educational activity from Pain Treatment Topics for patients and their family caregivers focusing on the proper and safe use of opioid pain relievers. The mission is to provide an understanding of opioid analgesics and their various risks, and to suggest specific actions for preventing opioid-related problems, including: misuse, abuse, addiction, diversion, adverse reactions, overmedication, and life-threatening overdose. Instruction is provided on recognizing opioid problems if they do occur and on being prepared for what to do during an emergency. Access verified September 20, 2011.

Purdue Pharma L.P. (Supporter)

http://www.purduepharma.com/ –– Founded by physicians, the company has long been known for its pioneering research on persistent pain and a growing line of innovative analgesic products. The firm also offers non-prescription products, including laxatives, microbicides, and nutraceuticals. Access checked February 15, 2009.

Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome Association (Affiliate)

http://www.rsds.org/ — Founded in 1984, the Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome Association (RSDSA) promotes greater public and professional awareness and earlier recognition of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS, formerly RSD). The organization educates those afflicted with the syndrome, their families, friends, insurance and healthcare providers on the disabling pain it causes. Access checked June 1, 2010.

TNA-The Facial Pain Association (Affiliate)

 

http://endthepain.org –– This nonprofit organization was founded in 1990, and the mission of the TNA-The Facial Pain Association is to serve as an advocate for patients living with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and related facial pain conditions by providing information, encouraging research, and offering support. Access checked November 1, 2010.

U.S. Pain Foundation (Affiliate)

 

http://uspainfoundation.org/ — Founded by a fellow pain sufferer, the U.S. Pain Foundation believes strongly in the importance of connecting those who share the feelings, frustrations, and daily challenges of living with pain. The organization’s support groups and other hands-on programs help build a caring community through educational resources and valuable information about local, regional, and national events. Access checked September 19, 2011.

General Interest Pain Sites

American Academy of Neurology: Chronic Pain

http://www.aan.com/professionals/ – Provides resources for medical specialists worldwide who are committed to improving the care of patients with neurological diseases. Access checked January 6, 2006.

American Academy of Orofacial Pain

http://www.aaop.org – An organization of health care professionals dedicated to alleviating pain and suffering through the promotion of excellence in education, research and patient care in the field of orofacial pain and associated disorders. Access checked January 13, 2006.

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS)

http://www.aaos.org –– Founded at Northwestern University as a not-for-profit organization in 1933, the AAOS provides education and practice management services for orthopaedic surgeons and allied health professionals. The Academy also serves as an advocate for improved patient care and informs the public about the science of orthopaedics. Access checked December 1, 2005.

American Academy of Pain Management (AAPM)

http://www.aapainmanage.org/ –– This is the largest multidisciplinary membership organization in the United States for pain practitioners. It is an inclusive, interdisciplinary organization and serves the needs of clinicians who treat people with pain through education, setting standards of care, and advocacy. Access checked January 8, 2007.

Pain Treatment Topics affiliate organization.

American Academy of Pain Medicine

http://www.painmed.org/ –– The Academy is the medical specialty society representing physicians practicing in the field of Pain Medicine. As a medical specialty society, the organization is involved in education, training, advocacy, and research in the specialty of Pain Medicine. Access checked November 12, 2005.

American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (AAPM&R)

http://www.aapmr.org/ –– This is the national medical society representing more than 7,000 physicians (physiatrists) specializing in the field of physical medicine and rehabilitation. Access checked November 27, 2005.

American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)

http://www.aacn.org/ – This organization is committed to providing the highest quality resources to maximize nurses’ contribution to caring and improving the healthcare of critically ill patients and their families. Access checked January 16, 2006

American Chiropractic Association (ACA)

http://www.acatoday.org/ –– The purpose of the ACA is to provide leadership in health care and a positive vision for the chiropractic profession and its natural approach to health and wellness. Access updated January 9, 2011.

American College of Rheumatology (ACR)

http://www.rheumatology.org – ACR is the professional organization of rheumatologists and associated health professionals who share a dedication to healing, preventing disability, and curing the more than 100 types of arthritis and related disabling and sometimes fatal disorders of the joints, muscles, and bones. Access checked December 1, 2005.

American Massage Therapy Association (AMTA)

http://www.amtamassage.org/ –– This organization represents more than 53,000 massage therapists in 27 countries. AMTA works to establish massage therapy as integral to the maintenance of good health and complementary to other therapeutic processes. Access checked November 27, 2005.

American Medical Association (AMA) – CME Series on Pain Management

http://www.ama-cmeonline.com/pain_mgmt/ — This series of 12 educational modules from the American Medical Association (AMA) is available free and includes such topics as: pathophysiology of pain, assessing and treating pain in patients with substance abuse concerns, pediatric pain management, cancer pain, and other topics. Access checked January 11, 2008.

American NeuroModulation Society

http://www.neuromodulation.org/ — Dedicated to advancing the field of Neuromodulation (implanted devises such as “stimulators” and “pumps”) through clinical research, education, and print material within the United States. Access checked January 6, 2006.

American Pain Foundation (APF)

http://www.painfoundation.org — This is an independent nonprofit organization serving people with pain through information, advocacy, and support. The organization’s mission is to improve the quality of life of people with pain by raising public awareness, providing practical information, promoting research, and advocating to remove barriers and increase access to effective pain management. Access checked November 16, 2005. A Pain Treatment Topics affiliate organization.

American Pain Society (APS)

http://www.ampainsoc.org/ –– The APS is a multidisciplinary organization of basic and clinical scientists, practicing clinicians, policy analysts, and others. The organization’s mission is to advance pain-related research, education, treatment and professional practice. Access checked November 12, 2005.

American Physical Therapy Association (APTA)

http://www.apta.org/ –– This is a national professional organization representing more than 66,000 members. Its goal is to foster advancements in physical therapy practice, research, and education. Access checked November 27, 2005.

American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

http://www.asahq.org –– Since its founding in 1905, the Society has been an important voice in American Medicine and the foremost advocate for all patients who require anesthesia or relief from pain This site provides educational resources and clinical information for patients and professionals. Access checked February 27, 2007.

American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians

http://www.asipp.org/ –– The society serves more than 3,500 members nationwide with advocacy efforts, educational programs, publications, and communications. Access checked January 19, 2006.

American Society of Pain Educators (ASPE)

http://www.paineducators.org/ –– ASPE is a nonprofit professional organization dedicated to improving pain management through the education and training of healthcare professionals to become Certified Pain Educators (CPEs). As the only organization focusing on pain-educator training, the Society teaches healthcare professionals to serve as resources in educating their clinical peers, as well as patients, families, and caregivers on ways to relieve pain by the safest means possible. For more information about the CPE Examination, visit the ASPE Web site. Access checked May 15, 2009.
Pain Treatment Topics affiliate organization.

American Society of Pain Management Nursing

http://www.aspmn.org – This site offers a comprehensive bibliography in addition to a list of new features that are under development including an area to acknowledge member achievements, a place to share policies, a list of institutions offering preceptor sites, chapter educational offerings and a State of the Science section on current topics. Access checked November 11, 2008.

American Society of Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine (ASRA)

http://www.asra.com/ –– ASRA is the largest subspecialty society in anesthesiology. There are approximately 7,400 members, including physicians and scientists and a rich international distribution. Member information, web-based CME, and fellowship opportunities are some of the highlights. Access checked November 14, 2005.

Anterior Knee Pain Project

http://www.ucalgary.ca/~kneepain/ — A research project to develop clinical practice guidelines sponsored by the University of Calgary Sport Medicine Centre. Access checked January 6, 2006.

Association of Rehabilitation Nurses

http://www.rehabnurse.org –– This site promotes and advances professional rehabilitation nursing practice through education, advocacy, collaboration, and research to enhance the quality of life for those affected by disability and chronic illness. Access checked February 27, 2007.

City of Hope Pain/Palliative Care Resource Center

http://prc.coh.org/ –– The purpose of the COHPPRC is to serve as a clearinghouse for disseminating information and resources to assist others in improving the quality of pain management and end of life care. Established in 1995, this site is a central source for a variety of materials, including: pain assessment tools, patient education materials, quality assurance materials, end of life resources, research instruments, and other resources. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Complementary/Integrative Medicine (CIM)

http://www.mdanderson.org/topics/complementary –– Linked through the MD Anderson Cancer Center site, this website contains detailed evidence-based reviews of complementary or alternative cancer therapies, as well as links to other sources. The scientific reviews help health care professionals guide patients using complementary therapies alongside conventional treatment. Access checked February 27, 2007.

Emerging Solutions in Pain (ESP)

http://www.emergingsolutionsinpain.com/ –– This site is a comprehensive initiative designed to meet the needs of physicians, pharmacists, nurses, and other health care professionals who are actively involved in pain management, and in working with patients who are prescribed opioids. Access checked February 6, 2006.

For Grace – Empowering Women in Pain

http://www.forgrace.org/women/in/pain_home/ –– For Grace is a nonprofit organization devoted to ensuring the ethical and equal treatment of all women in pain, by empowering women to become better advocates for their pain care, informing heath care professionals about the gender disparity in pain treatment, and educating public policy makers. Access checked August 17, 2007.

In The Face of Pain

http://www.inthefaceofpain.com/ –– Industry-sponsored, but non-commercial, site offers an advocacy toolkit and other materials to support the rights and better treatment for persons with pain. The site also features a Pain Advocacy Community e-Newsletter. Access checked March 24, 2009. Purdue is a Pain Treatment Topics educational supporter.

Institute for the Study and Treatment of Pain (ISTOP)

http://www.istop.org/ –– An international non-profit organization based in Canada and dedicated to the understanding and treatment of soft tissue pain through the use of Intramuscular Stimulation, which is a form of acupuncture. Access checked January 9, 2006.

Let’s Talk Pain

http://www.letstalkpain.org/ –– This industry-sponsored website was developed by a Coalition of organizations. Founding members are the American Pain Foundation (APF), American Academy of Pain Management (AAPM), and the American Society for Pain Management Nursing. The goal is to encourage people affected by pain and their healthcare professionals to talk more about pain, to listen actively, and to act in ways that improve care for people who live with pain. Access checked September 10, 2008. The APF and AAPM are Pain Treatment Topics affiliate organizations.

Making Sense of Pain Relief™

http://www.makingsenseofpainrelief.org/ –– The American Chronic Pain Association, the American Pain Foundation, and The National Pain Foundation have cooperatively prepared information for this industry-sponsored website to help patients with pain and their families better understand the current situation and to regain a sense of control over the critical and personal decisions involved in managing pain. Access checked February 19, 2009.

Masterdocs.org (Taylor Micro Technology [TMT])

http://masterdocs.org –– Nonprofit pain-focused website provides a number of free questionnaires for pain conditions that can be answered by patients and a report is automatically generated containing the responses together with a differential diagnosis for physician review. The site also has medical summaries of painful conditions and regularly updated news. Access checked March 6, 2006.

MayoClinic.com

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/pain/PN99999 – The Pain Management Center offers diverse information and resources for pain patients. Access checked January 18, 2006.

MD Anderson Cancer Center

http://www.mdanderson.org/topics/paincontrol/ –– Pain management resource and treatment center at the University of Texas; with information for physicians and patients regarding palliative care, postoperative pain, pain management, and more. Access checked January 13, 2006.

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Pain Control Program

http://www.mskcc.org/mskcc/html/474.cfm –– The pain section of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center website presents the current information on the Institute’s approaches to pain management. Access checked January 9, 2006.

MGH Cares About Pain Relief

http://www.massgeneral.org/painrelief/ ––The mission of MGH Cares About Pain Relief is to support all Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) educational, clinical, and research programs related to pain. The website provides educational programs and resources for clinical educators, practicing clinicians in all disciplines, administrators, and patients and their families. Access checked July 10, 2006.

Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH) – Pain & Symptom Management

http://www.michigan.gov/painmanagement — This website was developed to increase the general public’s and health professional’s awareness of pain and symptom management. It provides information via professional papers, articles, related statutes, and numerous links to organizations with expertise in the area of pain and symptom management. Access checked July 14, 2008.

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)

http://www.nccam.nih.gov –– NCCAM is dedicated to exploring complementary and alternative healing practices in the context of rigorous science, training complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) researchers, and disseminating authoritative information to the public and professionals. Access checked December 1, 2005.

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)

http://www.niams.nih.gov –– The mission of this U.S. government agency is to support research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases, the training of basic and clinical scientists to carry out this research, and the dissemination of information on research progress in these diseases. Access checked December 1, 2005.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

http://www.ninds.nih.gov –– This agency of the U.S. National Institutes of Health conducts, fosters, coordinates, and guides research on the causes, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of neurological disorders and stroke, and supports basic research in related scientific areas. Access checked December 1, 2005.

National Institutes of Health (NIH) Pain Consortium

http://painconsortium.nih.gov/ — The NIH Pain Consortium was established to enhance pain research and promote collaboration among researchers engaged in activities addressing pain. This website provides free access to many vital resources of importance in the pain management field. Access checked January 11, 2008.

National Pain Foundation

http://www.nationalpainfoundation.org/ –– An on-line educational and support community for persons in pain, their families and physicians. A source for treatment options and pain information that is peer reviewed by leading pain specialists. Access checked September 22, 2008.

North American Spine Society

http://www.spine.org –– This organization addresses the clinical problems faced by spine patients and their physicians. Access checked December 1, 2005.

Opioids911-Safety: Help for Safely Using Opioid Pain Relievers

 

http://Opioids911.org –– is an independent, noncommercial, Internet-based educational activity from Pain Treatment Topics for patients and their family caregivers focusing on the proper and safe use of opioid pain relievers. The mission is to provide an understanding of opioid analgesics and their various risks, and to suggest specific actions for preventing opioid-related problems, including: misuse, abuse, addiction, diversion, adverse reactions, overmedication, and life-threatening overdose. Instruction is provided on recognizing opioid problems if they do occur and on being prepared for what to do during an emergency. Access verified October 15, 2010.

Pain and Policy Studies Group (Univ. of Wisconsin)

http://www.painpolicy.wisc.edu/ –– A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Policy and Communications in Cancer Care at the University of Wisconsin; facilitates public access to information about pain relief and public policy. Access checked January 9, 2006.

Pain Connection

http://pain-connection.org/ –– This non-profit, patient-centered organization aims to improve the quality of life of those suffering from chronic pain, decrease their sense of isolation and alienation, increase control of their condition and treatment, and help them to maintain their independence. Access checked March 24, 2009.

Pain and the Law

http://www.painandthelaw.org/ –– This site was been developed by the Center for Health Law Studies at Saint Louis University and the American Society of Law, Medicine and Ethics under a grant from The Mayday Fund. Access checked November 30, 2005.

Pain Relief Connection (Newsletter)

http://www.massgeneral.org/painrelief/Newsletter/mghpain_connection.htm –– Pain Relief Connection is a very timely and informative newsletter with extensive links published monthly by MGH (Massachusetts General Hospital) Cares About Pain Relief. Current and past issues are archived as PDF files, and future issues are added at the time of publication. Individuals may register for a free e-mail subscription at the site. Access checked July 10, 2006.

Pain Relief Network (PRN)

http://www.painreliefnetwork.org/ –– PRN is a public network of patients and their family members, physicians, attorneys, and activists who are working toward affording all people in pain dignity and compassion in the treatment of their medical conditions. Access checked July 29, 2006.

Pain.com

http://www.pain.com/ –– Extensive, industry-sponsored site providing free access to educational resources for professionals and patients, including: web-based CME, articles, and pain journals. Access checked November 25, 2005.

painACTION.com

http://www.painaction.com/ –– This website has been designed to help patients manage their chronic pain. It provides free access to pain journals, responses to common questions, and interactive support and educational tools. From the same organization that produces PainEDU. Access checked July 10, 2006.

PainAwarenessMonth.org

http://painawarenessmonth.org/ — This site was initially for presenting the latest information and insights into pain management during the month of September, which is Pain Awareness Month. The site evolved into a comprehensive resource that offers an array of information and tools for practitioners interested in furthering their understanding about pain and pain management. Access checked June 22, 2010.

PainBalance

http://www.painbalance.org/ — PainBalance® is an industry-supported, noncommercial, educational initiative to provide quality education, practical tools, and other resources to support appropriate care for all patients with pain and the healthcare professionals who care for them. Access checked March 20, 2010.

PAINClinician.com

http://painclinician.com — PAINClinician.com™ is an independently-funded forum committed to improving clinician access to high quality pain education resources. Sponsorship of the site is vague and free registration is required to access some content. Access checked March 20, 2010.

PainEDU.org

http://www.painedu.org/ –– PainEDU.org is developed by Inflexxion, Inc. through an unrestricted educational grant from Endo Pharmaceuticals. It is an educational website for clinicians, teaching about pain assessment and management. The information included at this site focuses on clinician interests, best practices in the field, and a desire to deliver health education in an interactive manner. Access checked November 7, 2005.

PainKnowledge.org (NIPC)

http://painknowledge.org –– This site is part of the National Initiative on Pain Control (NIPC®), which offers innovative, interactive, and practical activities providing guidance in pain assessment, and offer proven strategies for pain management, all with the aim of improving patient outcomes. Access checked July 10, 2006.

Partners Against Pain

http://www.partnersagainstpain.com/ –– Industry-sponsored, but non-commercial, site offers a wide variety of evidence-based resources for healthcare professionals and patients. Access checked February 17, 2009. Purdue is a Pain Treatment Topics educational supporter.

Society of Critical Care Medicine

http://www.sccm.org/ –– Professional organization devoted exclusively to the advancement of multi-professional intensive care through excellence in patient care, education, research, and advocacy. Access checked January 16, 2006.

Spine-Health

http://www.spine-health.com/ — Provides thousands of physician written and reviewed articles for patients on back pain, neck pain, and related disorders; videos; discussion forums; an online contact service; and more. Access checked March 18, 2011.

SpineUniverse

http://www.spineuniverse.com/ –– This primarily consumer-oriented site provides medical information reviewed by leading orthopedic and neurosurgeons from around the world focusing on painful conditions of the back and neck. Access checked January 18, 2006.

Tame the Pain

http://www.medtronic.com/neuro/ttp/ –– An advocacy and awareness campaign funded by Medtronic, although generally noncommercial, and designed to improve chronic pain management by providing information primarily on non-pharmacologic therapies. Access checked January 13, 2006.

The Legal Side of Pain

http://www.legalsideofpain.com/ –– This organization, a division of the J. Bolen Group LLC, specializes in the education of health care providers and office staff, with an emphasis on the development and implementation of compliance programs related to the use of controlled substances to treat pain, and the office-based treatment of opioid addiction. Access checked November 12, 2005.

The Mayday Pain Project

http://www.painandhealth.org –– This site includes information, research, and resources on a variety of subjects relating to pain; however, many links are to sources of information via the mass media or other resources that may or may not be evidence-based. Access checked January 16, 2006.

The Oxford Pain Internet Site

http://www.medicine.ox.ac.uk/bandolier/booth/painpag/index2.html –– Draws from the most up-to-date evidence-based resources available via Pubmed and through the Cochrane Library to evaluate and discuss pain management topics. Access checked April 3, 2009

U.S. Pain Foundation

 

http://uspainfoundation.org/ — Founded by a fellow pain sufferer, U.S. Pain Foundation support groups and other hands-on programs help build a caring community through educational resources and valuable information about local, regional, and national events. Access checked September 19, 2011. A Pain Treatment Topics affiliate organization.

WebMD Pain Management Health Center

http://www.webmd.com/diseases_and_conditions/pain.htm –– Consumer-oriented site offers current information on chronic pain treatments, as well as natural ways to manage chronic pain. One feature is an online support group. Access checked November 30, 2005

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Headache Pain / Migraine

American Council for Headache Education (ACHE)

http://www.achenet.org/ –– A nonprofit patient-healthcare professional partnership dedicated to advancing the treatment and management of headache and to raising the public awareness of headache as a valid, biologically-based illness. Advocates individualized treatments, which combine the best of traditional medicine, alternative medicine, drug, and non-drug therapies. Access checked January 6, 2006.

American Headache Society

http://www.americanheadachesociety.org — A professional society of health care providers dedicated to the study and treatment of headache and face pain bringing together physicians and other health providers from various fields and specialties to share concepts and developments about headache and related conditions. Offers CME courses and other resources. Access checked/updated December 4, 2011.

Help for Headaches

http://www.headache-help.org –– An Ontario, Canada non-profit organization committed to educational services for those suffering from and treating headaches. Contains an extensive resource library for research. Access checked February 27, 2007.

Migraine Awareness Group: A National Understanding for Migraineurs (MAGNUM)

http://www.migraines.org –– The National Migraine Association site provides comprehensive information about migraines, focusing on the nature of migraines as well as other headache and head-pain issues. Access checked February 27, 2007.

Migraine Resource Network

http://www.migraineresourcenetwork.com/ – Migraine Resource Network is an industry-sponsored website established in 2008 to provide practicing clinicians with up-to-the-minute interactive programs, information, and clinical perspectives on the latest developments in the field of migraine. Free registration is required to access some content. Access checked August 18, 2008.

National Headache Foundation

http://www.headaches.org/ –– Nonprofit organization with a divided site offering resources for either healthcare professionals (latest information in headache diagnosis and treatment) or headache sufferers (providing headache causes/treatments, self management tips, and support groups). NHF sponsors Migraine Masterpieces National Art Contests. Access checked November 15, 2005.

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Chronic Pain & Fibromyalgia

American Chronic Pain Association (ACPA)

http://www.theacpa.org –– Founded in 1980, this organization’s mission is to facilitate peer support and education for individuals with chronic pain and their families so that these individuals may live more fully despite their pain and to raise awareness among the health care community, policy makers, and the public at large about issues of living with chronic pain. The organization’s website features a variety of unique educational materials and other resources for patients, their families, and healthcare professionals. Access checked October 29, 2009. A Pain Treatment Topics Affiliate Organization.

Arthritis Foundation

http://www.arthritis.org/ –– A consumer-oriented site, the Arthritis Foundation is the only national not-for-profit organization that supports the more than 100 types of arthritis and related conditions with advocacy, programs, services and research. Access checked November 8, 2005.

Chronic Pain Association of Canada (CPAC)

http://chronicpaincanada.com –– The Chronic Pain Association of Canada is Canada’s largest independent, not-for-profit charitable organization serving people affected by pain, through education, information, and support advocacy. CPAC’s programs include a website, a nationwide support group network; a quarterly newsletter for members, and patient access to information. Access checked August 14, 2008.

Fibromyalgia Information Foundation (FIF)

http://www.myalgia.com –– A website offering research and treatment information from an Oregon-based foundation whose directors are Oregon Health and Science University researchers engaged in the day to day management of fibromyalgia patients. Access checked February 27, 2007.

Fibromyalgia Network

http://www.fmnetnews.com/ ––Educational materials, including an extensive quarterly newsletter containing research studies, interviews and information to provide ideas for coping and new therapies to try. Access checked November 14, 2005.

National Fibromyalgia & Chronic Pain Association

http://fmcpAware.org/ — The National Fibromyalgia & Chronic Pain Association (NfmCPA) is a not for profit organization working to support people who have chronic pain illnesses and their families and friends by contributing to caring, professional, and community relationships. Access checked September 20, 2011. A Pain Treatment Topics affiliate organization.

National Fibromyalgia Association (NFA)

http://www.fmaware.org/ –– A nonprofit organization dedicated to informing and educating communities, patients, and healthcare professionals about fibromyalgia through special events, a magazine and newsletter, and other awareness programs. Access checked January 18, 2009.
Pain Treatment Topics affiliate organization.

http://www.FibromyalgiaHCP.org — Professional Resource Center – this was created by the NFA specifically for healthcare professionals (HCPs) to help them find information on new fibromyalgia research, NIH and FDA updates, advocacy issue, CME/CE resources, NFA programs, and other resources. Access verified January 18, 2009.
Pain Treatment Topics affiliate organization.

National Fibromyalgia Partnership (NFP)

http://www.fmpartnership.org –– An educational organization that makes medically accurate, quality resource information concerning etiology, pathophysiology and management of fibromyalgia available to healthcare professionals and the community at-large. Access checked February 28, 2007.

National Fibromyalgia Research Association (NFRA)

http://www.nfra.net –– The website of an activist organization located in Salem, Oregon dedicated to education, treatment and finding a cure for fibromyalgia. Access checked February 28, 2007.

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Cancer Pain

American Cancer Society (ACS)

http://www.cancer.org — A nationwide community-based voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem by preventing cancer, saving lives, and diminishing suffering from cancer, through research, education, advocacy, and service. Extensive site with information for patients, families, and healthcare professionals. Access checked November 14, 2005.

American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)

http://www.asco.org/ –– ASCO’s membership is composed of clinical oncologists representing all oncology disciplines (medical, surgical, and radiologic oncology) and subspecialties; physicians and healthcare professionals participating in approved oncology training programs; oncology nurses; and other health-care practitioners with a predominant interest in oncology. This site offers extensive resources including database and publications access. Access checked November 15, 2005

Association of Oncology Social Work (AOSW)

http://www.aosw.org/ –– This non-profit, international organization is dedicated to the enhancement of psychosocial services to people with cancer and their families. The site contains message boards and online courses. Access checked November 15, 2005.

BreakthroughCancerPain.org

http://www.breakthroughcancerpain.org/ — This website is a collaboration between healthcare professionals and 5 pharmaceutical companies that are developing/marketing products for the treatment of breakthrough cancer pain. It is maintained by an independent communications company in Europe and the content is overseen by an independent medical editorial board. Access checked May 26, 2010.

BreastCancer.org (Pain Section)

http://www.breastcancer.org/treatment/pain/ –– This website section is for women affected by breast cancer and for whom overcoming pain can be a major part of dealing with the disease and its treatment. Access checked January 25, 2012.

Cancer Care

http://www.cancercare.org/ –– Nonprofit organization designed to provide free, professional counseling, education, financial assistance and practical help to cancer patients, caregivers, children, loved ones, and the bereaved. Access checked November 15, 2005.

CancerIndex (Guide to Internet Resources for Cancer)

http://www.cancerindex.org/ –– The aim of this site is to make it easier to find more specific information quickly by providing a comprehensive directory of cancer-related sites and pages. Access checked November 20, 2006.

Cancer Pain Education Resources

http://www.caper.tufts.edu/ –– A resource site for use by educators regarding cancer pain; includes problem based learning cases, syllabus, links, and resources for patients and families. Access checked January 16, 2006.

Cancer-Pain.org

http://www.cancer-pain.org –– A site for cancer pain patients and their caregivers detailing the various options available for cancer pain treatment. Access checked January 9, 2006.

Cancer Pain Management in Children

http://www.childcancerpain.org/ –– The design and development of this website and its contents were funded by a grant from the Texas Cancer Council as a resource focused on pain management for health professionals who care for children with cancer. Access checked January 13, 2006.

Intercultural Cancer Council (ICC)

http://iccnetwork.org/ — This organization at Baylor College of Medicine promotes policies, programs, partnerships, and research to eliminate the unequal burden of cancer among racial and ethnic minorities, as well as underserved populations in the United States and its associated territories. Access checked November 5, 2006.

Leukemia Society of America

http://www.leukemia.org/ –– The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society is the world’s largest voluntary health organization dedicated to funding blood cancer research, education and patient services. Site provides extensive information, including advocacy networking and free information. Access checked November 15, 2005.

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center

http://www.mskcc.org –– The site offers comprehensive information on cancer treatments, patient care, research, education and training. Access checked February 27, 2007.

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

http://www.nci.nih.gov — Component of NIH that regulates the National Cancer Program which conducts and supports research, training, health information dissemination, and other programs with respect to the cause, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of cancer, rehabilitation from cancer, and the continuing care of cancer patients and the families of cancer patients. Access checked November 15, 2005.

National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship (NCCS)

http://www.canceradvocacy.org/ –– Advocating quality cancer care for all Americans and empowering cancer survivors. NCCS believes in evidence-based advocacy for systemic changes at the federal level in how the nation researches, regulates, finances and delivers quality cancer care. Access checked November 15, 2005.

Oncolink

http://www.oncolink.com/ –– This website was founded in 1994 by University of Pennsylvania cancer specialists with a mission to help cancer patients, families, health care professionals, and the general public get accurate cancer-related information at no charge. Access checked November 30, 2005.

Oncology Nursing Society (ONS)

http://www.ons.org/ –– The largest professional oncology association of registered nurses and other healthcare providers dedicated to excellence in patient care, education, research, and administration in oncology nursing. Information resources target both professionals and affected individuals. Access checked November 15, 2005.

Supportive Care in Cancer

http://www.springer.com/sgw/cda/frontpage/0,,4-10073-70-1106235-0,00.html –– provides members of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC) and all other interested parties with the most recent scientific and social information on all aspects of supportive care in cancer patients. Access checked November 26, 2005.

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End of Life / Palliative Care

Aging with Dignity

http://www.agingwithdignity.org —This nonprofit organization provides practical information, advice and legal tools to help improve patient quality of care, aiming to preserve the rights of the sick. Access checked November 14, 2005.

American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine (AAHPM)

http://www.aahpm.org — Members are physicians and other professionals from many medical specialties who are committed to furthering and fostering the practice of hospice/palliative care for the terminally ill and their families. The site includes: certification, fellowships, and other opportunities. Access checked November 14, 2005.

American Hospice Foundation

http://www.americanhospice.org/ –– This organization seeks to improve access to quality hospice care through public education, professional training, and advocacy on behalf of consumers. Access checked November 20, 2006.

Caring Connections

http://www.caringinfo.org/ –– Caring Connections, a program of the National Hospice and Palliative Care organization (NHPCO), develops networks of people, communities, and organizations working to improve timely access to quality end-of-life care. Access checked November 25, 2005.

Center for Palliative Care Education

http://depts.washington.edu/pallcare/about/index.shtml –– This is an educational resource center and training program for improving palliative care in people with HIV/AIDS by increasing the knowledge, skills, and comfort level of clinicians to provide this care. Access checked February 12, 2006.

Center to Advance Palliative Care (CAPC)

http://www.capc.org/ –– A national initiative that provides health care professionals with the tools and training necessary to start and sustain successful palliative care programs. Access checked November 14, 2005.

Children’s Hospice International (CHI)

http://www.chionline.org/ –– CHI is a nonprofit organization founded in 1983 to promote hospice support through pediatric care facilities, and encourage the inclusion of children in existing and developing hospice, palliative, and home care programs. Access checked November 20, 2006.

Compassion & Choices

http://www.compassionandchoices.org –– This is a nonprofit organization working to improve care and expand choice at the end of life. New web address: Access checked November 25, 2005.

Contemporary Long-Term Care

http://www.hcpro.com/ –– An online information center for administrators, directors of nursing, medical directors, pharmacists and other professionals in the long term care industry. Access checked January 16, 2006.

Edeledata.org

http://www.edeledata.org/search/home.html –– This database of websites and web pages containing data about decedents, dying, and end-of-life experience is sponsored by the National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization and funded by the US Administration on Aging. Access checked February 9, 2006.

EndLink (End of Life Care Education)

http://endoflife.northwestern.edu/index.cfm — EndLink is hosted at Northwestern University and was developed as an educational resource for people involved in end-of-life care. The vast content of the site is primarily for healthcare professionals who work with dying patients and their families. Access checked January 29, 2008.

End of Life Care for Children

http://www.childendoflifecare.org –– This site is funded by a grant from the Texas Cancer Council. It provides overviews of the essential components for providing quality care, new interventions that promote support and comfort, and methods of care delivery that consider a family-centered approach at the end of a child’s life. Access checked February 27, 2007.

End of Life / Palliative Education Resource Center (EPERC)

http://www.mcw.edu/palliativecare/EPERC.htm — The purpose of EPERC is to share educational resource material among the community of health professional educators involved in palliative care education. Access checked January 14, 2012.

End of Life Nursing Education Consortium (ELNEC)

http://www.aacn.nche.edu/ELNEC/ –– The ELNEC project is administered by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) and the City of Hope National Medical Center of Los Angeles as a national education initiative to improve end-of-life care in the United States. The project provides undergraduate and graduate faculty to teach this essential information to nursing students and practicing nurses. Access checked November 20, 2006.

GetPalliativeCare.org

http://www.getpalliativecare.org –– This site is sponsored by the Center to Advance Palliative Care (CAPC) and provides information and resources for patients and clinicians. Access checked February 27, 2007.

Growthhouse.org (Improving Care for the Dying)

http://www.growthhouse.org/ — This Growth House, Inc., website is a portal to resources for life-threatening illness and end of life care. The organization’s primary mission is to improve the quality of compassionate care for people who are dying through public education and global professional collaboration. Access checked January 11, 2008

Hospice Association of America (HAA)

http://www.nahc.org/HAA/ –– This national organization represents more than 2,800 hospices and thousands of caregivers and volunteers who serve terminally ill patients and their families and is the largest lobbying group for hospice, advocating the industry’s interests before Congress, the regulatory agencies, other national organizations, the courts, the media, and the public. Access checked September 14, 2005.

Hospice & Palliative Nurses Association

http://www.hpna.org –– The nation’s largest and oldest professional nursing organization dedicated to promoting excellence in pain management and end-of-life care. Access checked January 13, 2006.

Hospice Education Institute

http://www.hospiceworld.org/ — The Institute is an independent, not-for-profit organization, serving members of the public and healthcare professionals with information and education about the many facets of caring for the dying and the bereaved. Access checked January 11, 2008.

Hospice Foundation of America (HFA)

http://www.hospicefoundation.org/ –– This organization, chartered in 1982, provides leadership in the development and application of hospice and its philosophy of care with the goal of enhancing the American health care system and the role of hospice within it. HFA conducts programs relating to professional development, public education and information, research, publications and health policy issues. Access checked June 9, 2006.

Last Acts

http://www.rwjf.org –– In 2005, Last Acts – a highly acclaimed Robert Wood Johnson Foundation national program – came to a close and the program’s website, www.lastacts.org, ceased publication at that time. Much of the content of the Last Acts Web site is still archived here. Access checked November 25, 2005.

National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization

http://www.nhpco.org –– A nonprofit membership organization representing hospice and palliative care programs and professionals. The organization is committed to improving end-of-life care and expanding access to hospice care with the goal of profoundly enhancing quality of life for people in America dying and their loved ones. Access checked January 16, 2006.

National Palliative Care Research Center (NPCRC)

http://www.npcrc.org/ –– The NPCRC is committed to stimulating, developing, and funding research directed at improving care for seriously ill patients and their families. The NPCRC has collaborated with the Center to Advance Palliative Care (see link above) to rapidly and directly translate its research findings into improved clinical care. Access checked November 21, 2006.

PalliativeDrugs.com

http://www.palliativedrugs.com/— This site, based in the UK, provides essential, comprehensive, and independent information for health professionals about the use of various drugs in palliative care. Free registration is required to view most site contents. Access checked February 5, 2009.

Pallimed

http://www.pallimed.org/ — The goal of this excellent blog/website run by professionals in the field is to review current palliative medicine, hospice, and end-of-life research with a particular focus on publications not from the major palliative care journals. They also highlight important events and news regarding end-of-life care from the mass media. Access checked January 11, 2008.

StopPain.org (Palliative Care Focus)

http://www.stoppain.org/ –– Sponsored by Beth Israel Hospital, New York, the mission of this website is to advance the educational aims of pain medicine and palliative care. This website represents an evolving process to meet the needs of an ever-increasing online audience of healthcare consumers and professionals seeking accurate, reliable information on treatment options. Access checked November 26, 2005.

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Specialty Pain Websites

Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine (APM)

http://www.apm.org/ –– The APM has as its central focus patients with comorbid medical and psychiatric illness and the interaction between them. This focus entails clinical work, research, and teaching, as well as leadership in the provision of medical-surgical psychiatry services. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Aftershingles.com

http://www.aftershingles.com — Site with extensive information focusing on shingles and post-herpetic neuralgia. Access checked November 15, 2005.

American Behcet’s Disease Association

http://www.behcets.com — As the name implies, this nonprofit organization focuses on awareness and education regarding Behcet’s Disease, an autoimmune condition that typically manifests as painful vasculitis. Access checked September 24, 2006.

American Academy of Orofacial Pain (AAOP)

http://www.aaop.org/ –– Organization of professionals whose aim is to promote education and awareness of orofacial pain and associated disorders. Access checked November 15, 2005.

American Holistic Nurses Association (AHNA)

http://www.ahna.org/ –– This organization serves as a bridge between traditional medical paradigms and universal complementary and alternative healing practices. AHNA supports the concepts of holism; a state of harmony among body, mind, emotions, and spirit within an ever-changing environment. Access checked November 5, 2006.

American Psychosomatic Society

http://www.psychosomatic.org/ –– This organization, founded in 1942, is a worldwide community of scholars and clinicians dedicated to the scientific understanding of the interaction of mind, brain, body, and social context in promoting health and contributing to the pathogenesis, course, and treatment of disease. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Geriatric Pain

http://www.geriatricpain.org/ — This site is a one-stop resource, sharing free best-practice tools and resources that support recommendations for good pain assessment and management in older adults, including implementation of quality improvement processes focused on pain management. It is intended for nurses and administrators working in long-term care environments. Access checked May 24, 2010.

National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD)

http://www.rarediseases.org/ –– A unique federation of voluntary health organizations dedicated to helping people with rare “orphan” diseases (affecting fewer than 200,000 people) and assisting the organizations that serve them. NORD is committed to the identification, treatment, and cure of rare disorders through programs of education, advocacy, research, and service. Access checked November 15, 2005.

National Vulvodynia Association (NVA)

http://www.nva.org — Nonprofit organization organized around helping women affected by vulvar pain disorders. Site contains: teaching CD, newsletter, and other services. Access checked November 15, 2005.

Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome Association

http://www.rsds.org/ — Founded in 1984, the Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome Association (RSDSA) promotes greater public and professional awareness and earlier recognition of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS, formerly RSD). The organization educates those afflicted with the syndrome, their families, friends, insurance and healthcare providers on the disabling pain it causes. Access checked June 1, 2010. A Pain Treatment Topics affiliate organization.

Spondylitis Association of America

http://www.spondylitis.org/ –– A nonprofit organization and the largest resource for people affected by spondylitis, advancing education, research and treatment for ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and related painful diseases. Access checked January 13, 2006.

The Neuropathy Association

http://www.neuropathy.org –– This organization was founded by patients committed to raising awareness of peripheral neuropathy and supporting the research to find its cure. Access checked January 4, 2006.

The Vulvar Pain Foundation

http://www.vulvarpainfoundation.org/ –– Nonprofit organization supporting women with vulvar pain. Access checked November 15, 2005.

TMJ Association, Ltd

http://www.tmj.org/ –– Association fostering research and education on TMJ disorders. Access checked November 15, 2005.

TNA-The Facial Pain Association

http://endthepain.org –– This nonprofit organization was founded in 1990, and the mission of TNA-The Facial Pain Association is to serve as an advocate for patients living with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and related facial pain conditions by providing information, encouraging research, and offering support. Access checked November 1, 2010. A Pain Treatment Topics affiliate organization.

Virtual Anaesthesia Textbook

http://www.virtual-anaesthesia-textbook.com –– This site’s goal is to create and maintain, using a familiar ‘textbook’ style, a comprehensive set of links to all known anesthesia related internet information. Originated in Australia. Access checked January 6, 2006.

VZV Research Foundation (VZRF)

http://www.vzvfoundation.org/ –– This nonprofit organization is dedicated to the fight against the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and related painful infections through research and education. It sponsors scientific conferences and develops educational materials for scientists, physicians, and the general public. Access checked November 8, 2005.

Zero Unintentional Deaths — Methadone & Opioid Safety Campaign

http://www.zerodeaths.com — This independently produced, nonprofit website under the direction of Lynn R. Webster, MD, has been developed to educate physicians, chronic pain sufferers, and all communities about the serious issue of unintentional overdose deaths relating to methadone and other Rx drugs. The aim is to eliminate unintentional overdose deaths without compromising access to treatment of pain. Access checked January 10, 2007.

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International Organizations

Action for ME

http://www.afme.org.uk/ –– UK organization founded by people with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Encephalopathy (ME) and dedicated to improving their lives. Access checked November 15, 2005.

Action on Pain

http://www.action-on-pain.co.uk/ –– A British national charity dedicated to providing support and advice for people who are affected by chronic pain. Access checked January 13, 2006.

Australian & New Zealand Society of Palliative Medicine

http://www.anzspm.org.au/ –– This ANZ/SPM website is a useful center for information exchange among society members as well as being an information resource for medical practitioners and volunteers working in palliative care. Access checked February 11, 2006.

Australian Pain Society

http://www.apsoc.org.au –– Formed in 1979 with members from many medical specialties including researchers and clinicians active in the pain management field. Access checked February 27, 2007.

British Pain Society

http://www.britishpainsociety.org/ –– The society represents all UK professionals involved in the management and understanding of pain. It promotes education, training, research and development in all fields of pain and facilitates the exchange of information and experience. Access checked November 15, 2005.

Canadian Anesthesiologists Society (CAS)

http://www.cas.ca/ –– CAS is a not-for-profit, voluntary organization, for the benefit of its member anesthesiologists. Canadian anesthesiologists are specialist physicians in peri-operative medicine, critical care, and pain management. Access checked January 19, 2006.

Canadian Association of Psychosocial Oncology

http://capo.ca/eng/index.asp –– CAPO is dedicated to the understanding, treatment and study of the social, psychological, emotional, spiritual and quality-of-life aspects of cancer. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Canadian Pain Society (CPS)

http://www.canadianpainsociety.ca/ –– A chapter of the International Association for the Study of Pain, that includes as members all professional and lay persons with an interest in the field of pain. Access checked January 6, 2006.

Endometriosis UK

http://www.endometriosis-uk.org –– UK charity devoted to funding research on endometriosis, and raising awareness among medical professionals and the general public. This website also hosts information and support for patients. Access checked November 24, 2008.

European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC)

http://www.eapcnet.eu –– Established in 1988 to promote palliative care in Europe and act as a focus for all who work or have an interest at the scientific, clinical, and social levels in the field of palliative care. Access checked September 25, 2011.

Fibromyalgia Association UK

http://www.fibromyalgia-associationuk.org/ –– A nonprofit organization that works towards raising awareness of fibromyalgia in the United Kingdom. Access checked November 15, 2005.

Headache Network Canada (HNC)

http://www.headachenetwork.ca/ –– This website was developed to make available to individuals with headache and health professionals scientifically based information on the diagnosis and treatment of headache. It represents a partnership between Headache Network Canada and The Canadian Headache Society. Access checked February 28, 2007.

Healing Touch International

http://www.healingtouchinternational.org/ — This organization establishes standards of practice, and offers certification of healing touch practitioners and instructors. Thei focus is on nurturing energy therapy that assists in balancing physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual well-being. Access checked September 25, 2011.

International Association of Hospice and Palliative Care

http://www.hospicecare.com/ –– The site offers professional forums, publications, world reports, and a manual of palliative care. Access checked January 16, 2006.

International Association for Pain & Chemical Dependency (IAPCD)

http://www.iapcd.org/ –– The IAPCD is an international organization dedicated to promoting appropriate and effective treatment for all patients with pain, including individuals with substance abuse, mental health or other co-occurring problems that may make treatment more challenging. The association encourages cooperation among professionals in the fields of healthcare, policy and regulation, law enforcement, law, politics and the media to improve communication and education for the appropriate use of controlled substances in pain treatment. Access checked November 14, 2007.

International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP)

http://www.iasp-pain.org —This non-profit professional organization is the largest multidisciplinary international association in the field of pain and is dedicated to furthering research on pain and improving the care of patients with pain. Membership is open to scientists, physicians, dentists, psychologists, nurses, physical therapists, and other health professionals actively engaged in pain research and to those who have special interest in the diagnosis and treatment of pain. Provides access to web-based learning, grants/awards, employment opportunities, etc. Access checked November 14, 2005.

International Children’s Palliative Care Network (ICPCN)

http://www.icpcn.org.uk/ – Children and young people with life-limiting or life-threatening conditions have very specific and unique palliative care needs, often different to those of adults. The International Children’s Palliative Care Network (ICPCN) shares a vision that these total needs should be met to encompass physical, emotional, spiritual, and developmental aspects of care. Access checked July 29, 2008.

International Pelvic Pain Society (IPPS)

http://www.pelvicpain.org/ –– Site aims to educate health care professionals on how to diagnosis and manage chronic pelvic pain in women and men, raising public awareness and impacting individual lives. Access checked January 9, 2006.

International Society on Complementary Medicine Research (ISCMR)

http://www.iscmr.org/ –– A worldwide not-for-profit professional association devoted to fostering co-operative and multidisciplinary research and development as well as the application of knowledge in the fields of Complementary, Traditional, and Integrated Medicine. Access checked Jaunary 14, 2012.

International Spine Intervention Society

http://www.spinalinjection.com/ –– An association of physicians interested in the development, implementation and standardization of percutaneous techniques for the precision diagnosis of spinal pain. Access checked January 9, 2006.

National Back Pain Society (Backcare)

http://www.backcare.org.uk/ –– UK charity dedicated to educating people on how to avoid preventable back pain, and supporting those living with back pain. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Oxford Pain Internet Site

http://www.medicine.ox.ac.uk/bandolier/booth/painpag/index2.html –– This site is for anyone with a professional or personal interest in pain and analgesia. It is firmly based on principles of evidence-based medicine and has pulled together systematic reviews focusing on pain. Access checked April 3, 2009.

Pain Concern

http://www.painconcern.org.uk/ –– UK charity that provides information and support for pain sufferers and their caregivers. Access checked November 15, 2005.

Pain in Europe

http://www.painineurope.com/ –– Seeks to provide access to information for both patients and healthcare professionals, offering more understanding of pain and its management, and providing support to patients and their families. Access checked January 19, 2006.

Pain Relief Foundation

http://www.painrelieffoundation.org.uk/ –– UK charity that funds research into the causes and treatment of human chronic pain and continuing education of physicians and nurses in pain management. Access checked November 15, 2005.

Pain Research Institute

http://www.liv.ac.uk/pri/ –– Funded by the Pain Relief Foundation and is part of the Department of Neurological Science at the University of Liverpool. Access checked November 15, 2005.

Pain Web

http://www.thepainweb.com/ –– UK resource for health professionals involved with research, assessment and the treatment of pain. Access checked November 15, 2005.

The International Society of Nurses in Cancer Care (ISNCC)

http://www.isncc.org –– This organization of oncology nurses has more than 60 member groups in 33 countries. Their goal is to improve standards of cancer care through the provision of education, research, and training. Access checked February 11, 2006.

The Physiotherapy Pain Association (PPA)

http://www.ppaonline.co.uk –– Established in 1994 to bring together and provide information for physiotherapists with the common interest of managing patients with acute and long term pain in the UK. Access checked February 27, 2007.

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Substance Abuse & Addiction

Addiction Recovery Guide

http://www.addictionrecoveryguide.com — Assists individuals struggling with drug addiction and alcoholism find programs and resources that best suit their needs. Access checked November 15, 2005.

Addiction Treatment Forum

http://www.ATForum.com — Addiction Treatment Forum is an industry-sponsored site that has reported on substance abuse and addiction therapies, research, news, and events of interest to both healthcare professionals and patients since 1992. Many treatment options of concern are discussed, and an important focus is on methadone maintenance for opioid-addiction treatment. Access checked March 14, 2009.

American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP)

http://www.aaap.org — AAAP, founded in 1985 and with approximately 1,000 members internationally, consists of psychiatrists who work with addiction and mental health disorders in their practices, faculty at academic institutions, non-psychiatrist professionals who are making a contribution to the field of addiction psychiatry, and others. The organization specializes in bringing together the academic and private practice communities with the common goal of providing the most effective training for physicians and treatment for individuals suffering from addictive disorders.. Access verified January 6, 2009.

American Association for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence (AATOD)

AATODhttp://www.aatod.org — This nonprofit organization for healthcare professionals was founded in 1984 to enhance the quality of patient care in addiction treatment programs by promoting the growth and development of comprehensive medication-assisted therapy services throughout the United States. Access checked January 27, 2007. A Pain Treatment Topics affiliate organization.

American College of Psychiatrists

http://www.acpsych.org/ –– A non-profit honorary association of psychiatrists who promote and support the highest standards in psychiatry through education, research, and clinical practice. Access checked November 15, 2005.

American Council for Drug Education

http://www.acde.org — This substance abuse prevention and education agency develops programs and materials based on the most current scientific research on drug use and its impact on society. Site hosts resources for making presentations on addiction to various audiences (young people, parents and health and education professionals). Access checked November 15, 2005.

American Psychiatric Association (APA)

www.psych.org — The mission of the American Psychiatric Association is to: promote the highest quality care for individuals with mental disorders (including mental retardation and substance-related disorders) and their families; promote psychiatric education and research; advance and represent the profession of psychiatry; and serve the professional needs of its membership. Access checked November 18, 2005.

American Psychological Association

http://www.apa.org/divisions/div28/index.html — Division of psychopharmacology and substance abuse addresses issues related to animal research, neurobehavioral toxicology, psychopharmacology training programs, development of new treatments for drug addiction, and public policy related to medication regulation and substance abuse.. Access checked November 18, 2005.

American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM)

http://www.asam.org/ –– This site strives to Increase access to and improve the quality of addictions treatment by educating physicians, medical and osteopathic students, and the public and to promote research and prevention. Access checked November 18, 2005.

Canada Centre on Substance Abuse (CCSA)

http://www.ccsa.ca — Provides objective, evidence-based information and advice that will help reduce the health, social, and economic harm associated with substance abuse and addictions. Access checked January 8, 2008.

Center for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)

http://www.camh.net — The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) is Canada’s leading addiction and mental health teaching hospital. CAMH succeeds in transforming the lives of people affected by addiction and mental illness, by applying the latest in scientific advances, through integrated and compassionate clinical practice, health promotion, education and research. Affiliated with the University of Toronto. Access checked November 18, 2005.

Center for Alcohol & Addiction Studies (CAAS) at Brown University

http://caas.brown.edu — Site offers research reports, publications, education, and training in the addictions. Access checked November 18, 2005.

Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP)

http://www.samhsa.gov/about/csap.aspx — Federal organization responsible for improving accessibility and quality of substance abuse prevention services through the development of policies, programs, and services to prevent the onset of illegal drug use, underage alcohol and tobacco use, with community involvement and partnership among all sectors of society. Access checked January 14, 2012.

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT)

http://www.samhsa.gov/about/csat.aspx — Government site focusing on initiatives and programs based on research findings and the general consensus of experts in the addiction field and providing multiple treatment modalities, evaluate treatment effectiveness, and use. Access checked July 25, 2011.

College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD)

http://views.vcu.edu/cpdd — This organization serves as an interface among governmental, industrial and academic communities maintaining liaisons with regulatory and research agencies as well as educational, treatment, and prevention facilities in the drug abuse field. Access checked November 18, 2005.

CSAT Treatment Improvement Exchange (TIE) Network

http://www.treatment.org — An addiction treatment information exchange between CSAT and state/local agencies providing publications focusing on addiction and its treatment. Treatment Improvement Protocols (TIPs) and Technical Assistance Publications (TAPs) are available at this site. Access checked November 18, 2005.

Drug Policy Alliance (DPA)

http://www.drugpolicy.org/ –– The mission of this nonprofit organization is to advance policies, attitudes, and scientific evidence that best reduce the harms of both drug misuse and drug prohibition, and to promote the sovereignty of individuals over their minds and bodies. Access checked August 30, 2006.

DS (DrugScope) Daily

http://www.dsdaily.org.uk/ — DrugScope is the UK’s leading independent center of information and expertise on substances of abuse, with an aim to inform policy development and reduce drug-related harms to individuals, families, and communities. Sign up for free daily e-mailed bulletins itemizing (with links to sources) the latest in research, policy, education, and events relating to substance abuse. Access checked March 26, 2010.

EUROPAD (European Opiate Addiction Treatment Association)

http://www.europad.org — This international organization for healthcare professionals was founded in Geneva, Switzerland in 1994. It seeks to promote and develop effective opiate addiction treatments in Europe and elsewhere, and to cooperate in the development of public policy. Access checked January 4, 2008.

Pain Treatment Topics affiliate organization.

International Center for Advancement of Addiction Treatment

http://www.OpiateAddictionRx.info/ –– The mission of this organization is to promote among medical professionals the humane treatment of people who are living with opioid addiction by making available to healthcare providers relevant medical, legal, and policy information, and by advocating for change in attitudes that constrain optimal treatment delivery. Access checked November 8, 2005.

National Association of Drug Diversion Investigators (NADDI)

http://www.naddi.org/ –– Established in 1989, the National Association of Drug Diversion Investigators, Inc. (NADDI) is an organization whose members are responsible for investigating and prosecuting pharmaceutical drug diversion. NADDI recognizes that the vast majority of people taking controlled substances, are legitimate patients, many in desperate need to have uninterrupted access to their medication in order to live as normal of a life as possible by reducing their pain experience. Access checked January 8, 2008.

National Center on Addiction & Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASA)

http://www.casacolumbia.org/ –– Site features research and evidence-based reports, such as information on the extent and cost of substance abuse to society. Access checked January 4, 2008.

National Clearinghouse for Alcohol & Drug Information (NCADI)

http://www.health.org/ –– Also known as PrevLine (Prevention Online), this site is an extensive resource for information about substance abuse prevention and addiction treatment. Access checked Janaury 7, 2008.

National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCADD)

http://www.ncadd.org/ –– Provides public education services and operates referral service regarding alcoholism and drug addiction. Access checked November 18, 2005.

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC)

http://www.med.unsw.edu.au/ndarc — An Australian site that provides a document archive with an extensive bibliographic database. Access checked November 18, 2005.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)

http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/ –– Focuses on national treatment and prevention of alcoholism and related problems. Access checked November 18, 2005.

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

http://www.drugabuse.gov/ –– Good source for the latest research and evidence-based information on drug addiction and its treatment. Part of NIH. Access checked November 18, 2005.

National Mental Health Association

http://www.nmha.org/ –– Leading advocate for tolerance and awareness of mental illness, which is often a confounding factor in pain disorders and their treatment. Access checked November 18, 2005.

Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP)

http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/ –– White House branch focusing on drug-related issues. Access checked November 18, 2005.

Pain And Addiction Treatment

http://www.painandaddictiontreatment.com/ — The mission of this site (funded by the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse) is to create an online environment enabling pain management providers to better understand and manage comorbid substance misuse and addiction or risk for addiction in patients suffering from pain. Access checked May 24, 2010.

Pain Management and Chemical Dependency: A Critical Link

http://www.stoppain.org/pcd/default.asp –– This site from the Pain Division at Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, focuses on information regarding the interface of pain management and chemical dependency. Access checked February 11, 2006.

Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

http://www.samhsa.gov/ –– Government site serving as gateway to various agencies and resources focusing on substance abuse and addiction, preventions, and mental health issues. Access checked November 18, 2005.

Treatment Facility Locator (hosted by SAMHSA)

http://wwwdasis.samhsa.gov/UFDS/welcome.htm — Comprehensive, nationwide listing of programs offering treatment for various addictions. Access checked November 18, 2005.

United Nations Office on Drugs & Crime

http://www.unodc.org/ –– Informative site from a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs, the international illicit drug trade, and addictive disorders. Access checked November 18, 2005.

World Health Organization (WHO) – Substance Abuse

http://www.who.int/substance_abuse –– This web site contains information pertaining to psychoactive substance use and abuse, and also information about the World Health Organization’s projects and activities in the areas of substance use and substance dependence. Access checked November 18, 2005.

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Professional Journals, Magazines & Newsletters on Pain

American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Medicine

http://ajh.sagepub.com/ –– Peer-reviewed journal provides an essential academic forum across the spectrum of palliation and hospice care from the medical and pharmaceutical to the administrative and social. Access checked August 14, 2006.

Anaesthesia and Intensive Care (Journal)

http://www.aaic.net.au/ –– This Australian journal presents original articles of scientific and clinical interest in the specialties of anesthesia, intensive care, pain therapy, and related disciplines. Access checked February 11, 2006.

Analgesia (Journal)

See listing for Reviews in Analgesia (formerly Analgesia).

Anesthesia and Analgesia (Journal)

http://www.anesthesia-analgesia.org/ –– Published monthly by the International Anesthesia Research Society (IARS), this journal includes peer-reviewed, original clinical and research articles, providing practicing physicians, researchers, and allied medical personnel in anesthesiology and related fields with a wealth of information. Access checked January 9, 2006.

Anesthesiology (Journal)

http://www.anesthesiology.org/pt/re/anes/home.htm –– Access checked January 19, 2006.

Annals of Long-Term Care (Journal)

http://www.annalsoflongtermcare.com/ –– This is a peer-reviewed medical journal of the American Geriatrics Society, focusing on the clinical and practical issues related to the diagnosis and management of long-term care residents. Access checked July 6, 2009.

Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (Journal)

http://ard.bmjjournals.com/ –– An international peer review journal covering all aspects of rheumatology, which includes the spectrum of musculoskeletal conditions, arthritic disease, and connective tissue disorders. ARD publishes basic, clinical, and translational scientific research. Access checked January 13, 2006.

Applied Neurology

http://www.appneurology.com/ –– Peer reviewed publication providing neurologists, neurosurgeons, and other physicians with a combination of information and news that is clinically relevant, practical, and useful. Access checked February 6, 2006.

Arthritis Care and Research (Journal)

http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/76509746 –– the official journal of the Arthritis Health Professions Association. Link connects to “Arthritis and Rheumatism (Arthritis Care & Research section).” Back issues of Arthritis Care and Research : the Official Journal of the Arthritis Health Professions Association are also included here. Access checked January 13, 2006.

BMC (BioMed Central) Complementary and Alternative Medicine

http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmccomplementalternmed/ — This is an open access journal featuring peer-reviewed research articles focusing on interventions and resources that complement or replace conventional therapies, with a specific emphasis on research that explores the biological mechanisms of action, as well as their efficacy, safety, costs, patterns of use and/or implementation. Access checked May 25, 2010.

BMC (BioMed Central) Palliative Care (Journal)

http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcpalliatcare/ –– Open-access journal offers original research articles in clinical, scientific, ethical and policy issues, local and international, regarding all aspects of hospice and palliative care. Access checked January 22, 2006.

Bulletin on the Rheumatic Diseases

http://www.arthritis.org/research/Bulletin/archives.asp – Sponsored by the Arthritis Foundation, publication of this journal has been suspended. Past issues will remain posted on this Web site. Access checked January 13, 2006.

CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians

http://caonline.amcancersoc.org/ – A peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society providing cancer care professionals with up-to-date information on all aspects of cancer diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Access checked January 16, 2006.

Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

http://www.cja-jca.org/ –– Peer reviewed publication on the latest advances in anesthesia. Access checked February 11, 2006.

Cancer Pain Release

http://www.whocancerpain.wisc.edu –– The publication of the World Health Organization global communications program to improve cancer pain control, and palliative and supportive care. Access checked February 27, 2007.

Clinical Journal of Pain

http://www.clinicalpain.com/ –– Explores all aspects of pain and its effective treatment, bringing together insights of leading anesthesiologists, surgeons, internists, neurologists, orthopedists, psychiatrists and psychologists, clinical pharmacologists, and physical and rehabilitation therapists. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Clinical Rheumatology (Journal)

http://www.springer.com/sgw/cda/frontpage/ –– An international journal (in English) devoted to publishing original clinical investigations and research in the general field of rheumatology with focus on clinical aspects at postgraduate level. Access checked January 13, 2006.

Community Oncology (Journal)

http://www.communityoncology.net/ –– Publishes articles related to clinical research in the community setting, the translation of research outcomes into delivery of high-quality care, and practice management issues. The journal has broad relevance to the problems faced by clinical practitioners, serving as a clinical and economic forum and resource for over 31,000 oncologists, nurses, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, pharmacists, and administrators. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Continuing Education in Anaesthesia Critical Care and Pain

http://ceaccp.oxfordjournals.org/subscriptions/ –– A bimonthly publication containing structured, authoritative articles covering core knowledge, current controversies, and future trends. Basic science is also included, but with a clinical emphasis. Access checked February 11, 2006.

Critical Care Medicine (Journal)

www.ccmjournal.com/ –– Offers original articles on research in critical care medicine as well as abstracts of papers on the subject. Access checked January 16, 2006.

Critical Care Nurse (Journal)

http://ccn.aacnjournals.org/ –– This publication focuses on clinical techniques and bedside practices in caring for the critically ill. Access checked January 16, 2006.

European Journal of Pain

http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/623037/description#description ––International journal that serves as a global forum on all major aspects of pain and its management. The journal differs from existing pain journals in its clinical and educational emphasis. Access checked January 19, 2006.

European Journal of Palliative Care (EJPC)

http://www.ejpc.eu.com/aboutEJPC.asp –– This is a multidisciplinary journal of the EAPC published six times a year both in English and French. The journal concentrates on reviews and current awareness of palliative care on the European scene. Access checked September 25, 2011.

Headache Currents (Journal)

http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=1743-5005&site=1 –– A publication from the American Headache Society, the International Headache Society, and Blackwell Publishing, featuring state-of-the-art scientific reviews in the field of migraine science. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain

http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0017-8748&site=1 –– Publishes original articles on all aspects of head and face pain, including: clinical and basic research, diagnosis and management, epidemiology, genetics, and pathophysiology of primary and secondary headaches, cranial neuralgias, and pains referred to the head and face. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Innovations in EOL Care (Journal)

http://www2.edc.org/lastacts/ –– Previously published bimonthly, this online journal no longer posts new issues (as of October 2003). All past issues are now archived at this site and are available to read, download, and print for free. Access checked January 16, 2006.

Journal of Cancer Pain & Symptom Palliation

http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t792304017~db=all –– This journal addresses nontraditional methods of pain and symptom relief, including: physical modalities and complementary and alternative medicine; interventional techniques in treatment approaches; and present and future analgesic agents. Access checked July 18, 2008.

Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO)

http://www.jco.org/ –– JCO publishes original research and reviews in breast cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, hematologic malignancies, molecular oncology, lung cancer, genitourinary cancer, head and neck cancer, pediatric oncology, neurooncology, supportive care and quality of life issues, prevention, and phase I and clinical pharmacology. Access checked November 8, 2005.

Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain

http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t792304019~db=all –– For 10 years, this peer-reviewed journal has presented research findings, case reports, literature and book reviews, and professional announcements on fibromyalgia, myofascial pain, and other types of chronic soft-tissue pain. Access checked July 18, 2008.

Journal of Neuropathic Pain & Symptom Palliation

http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t792304021~db=all –– This publication examines current clinical research on treatment options, diagnosis, and assessment methods for various pain syndromes and associated symptoms that impair the quality of life for patients with neurologic conditions. Access checked July 18, 2008.

Journal of Opioid Management

http://www.opioidmanagement.com/ –– Designed to meet the challenge faced by pain management professionals as they prescribe opioids. This publication is intended to fill what’s been called “a dangerous gap” in medical literature at a time when the Federal spotlight has been switched on to the rising problem of abuse and addiction tied to these prescription painkillers. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Journal of Oncology Practice (JOP)

http://www.jopasco.org/ –– The mission of this journal is to provide oncologists and other oncology professionals with information, news, and tools to enhance practice efficiency and promote a high standard for quality of patient care. Access corrected January 16, 2007.

Journal of Orofacial Pain

http://www.quintpub.com/journals/jop/gp.php?journal_name=JOP&name_abbr=JOP –– This journal combines the work of dental and medical professionals involved in treating temporomandibular disorders. It discusses prevailing research, diagnostic techniques, and treatment therapies for orofacial pain, headache, mandibular dysfunction, and occlusion. Pharmacology, physical therapy, surgery, and other pain management methods are covered. Access checked February 6, 2006.

Journal of Pain

http://www.ampainsoc.org/pub/journal/ –– This is the official journal of the American Pain Society, providing peer-reviewed articles focusing on issues related to clinical and basic research, patient care, education, and health policy. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy

http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t792304028~db=all – This is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed, quarterly publication that addresses advances in acute, chronic, and end-of-life symptom management. Access checked July 18, 2008.

Journal of Pain & Symptom Management

http://journals.elsevierhealth.com/periodicals/jps –– Provides professionals with the results of important new research and clinical information related to pain management and palliative care. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Journal of Palliative Medicine

http://www.liebertpub.com/publication.aspx?pub_id=41 –– This bimonthly interdisciplinary journal reports on the clinical, educational, legal, and ethical aspects of care for seriously ill and dying patients. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Lupus (Journal)

http://lup.sagepub.com –– International journal devoted exclusively to lupus (and related disease) research. Includes new clinical and laboratory-based studies from leading specialists in all lupus-related disciplines. Access corrected February 16, 2007.

Molecular Pain (Journal)

http://www.molecularpain.com/ –– An open access, peer-reviewed, online journal of research that addresses physiological and pathological pain at the cellular, subcellular, and molecular levels. These studies integrate pain research with molecular biology, genomics, proteomics, modern electrophysiology, and neurobiology. Access checked January 4, 2006.

Oncology News International

http://oni/cancernetwork.com/home – This publication provides oncologists, oncology nurses, and other cancer specialists with practical information about important news and developments in oncology. Access corrected February 16, 2007.

Oncology Nursing Forum (ONF)

http://www.ons.org/publications/ONF –– ONF publishes manuscripts that focus on nursing achievements in the field of oncology including, but not limited to: clinical advances, research findings, educational developments, administrative issues, and role and theory development. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Pain (Journal)

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03043959 –– This is the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain and publishes original research on the nature, mechanisms and treatment of pain. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Pain Clinical Updates

http://www.iasp-pain.org/PCUOpen.html –– This official and brief publication of the IASP appears 4 times a year. Each issue covers one or two topics of wide medical interest for practitioners in a number of specialties, patients, and their families. Access checked February 6, 2006.

Pain Digest

http://www.springer.com/sgw/cda/frontpage/0,11855,1-10093-70-1104521-0,00.html –– A bimonthly international multidisciplinary journal on pain providing up-to-date information of research, evaluation methods, and techniques of pain management [German site]. Access checked February 11, 2006.

Pain Management Nursing (Journal)

http://www.medscape.com/viewpublication/947_index –– A peer-reviewed journal focusing on pain management as it applies to nursing. Additional features include practice guidelines and pharmacology updates. Access checked February 11, 2006.

Pain Medicine (Journal)

http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=1526-2375&site=1 –– This is the official journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine, an organization devoted to the advancement of pain management, education, and research, and also of the Faculty of Pain Medicine of the Australia New Zealand College of Anesthetists. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Pain Medicine News (Newsletter)

http://www.painmedicinenews.com/index.asp –– Published 6 times per year, plus special supplements, Pain Medicine News is a free offering designed to meet the needs of pain medicine clinicians, including: primary care physicians, neurologists, orthopedic surgeons, pain management specialists, rheumatologists, oncologists, and more. Access checked October 3, 2006.

Pain Physician (Journal)

http://www.painphysicianjournal.com/ –– This is a quarterly peer-reviewed, multi-disciplinary journal directed to an audience of interventional pain physicians, clinicians, and basic scientists with an interest in pain medicine. It is the official publication of the American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians. Access checked January 24, 2006.

Pain Practice (Journal)

http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=1530-7085&site=1 –– This is the official journal of the World Institute of Pain. It publishes international multidisciplinary articles on pain that provide readers with up-to-date knowledge of the research, evaluation methods, and techniques of pain management. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Pain Research & Management (Journal)

http://www.pulsus.com/Pain/home2.htm –– The official journal of the Canadian Pain Society; peer reviewed. Access checked January 22, 2006.

Palliative Medicine (Journal)

http://www.palliativemedjournal.com/ –– This is an international interdisciplinary journal dedicated to improving knowledge and clinical practice in the palliative care of patients with far advanced disease. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Practical Pain Management (Magazine)

http://www.ppmjournal.com/default.asp –– As the name implies, this journal has the practitioner in mind, providing tutorial articles and editorial commentary designed to help diagnose and treat various aspects of pain. Subscriptions are free to qualifying healthcare professionals, or issues can be purchased at a reasonable price. Access checked May 25, 2006.

Psycho-Oncology (Journal)

http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/5807 –– This journal is concerned with the psychological, social, behavioral, and ethical aspects of cancer. Access checked November 26, 2005.

Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (Journal)

http://www.rapm.org/ ––Publishes scientific information for physicians and scientists engaged in regional anesthesia for surgery, obstetrics, and pain medicine. Access checked January 9, 2006.

Reviews in Analgesia (Journal)

http://www.cognizantcommunication.com/ –– Reviews in Analgesia (formerly Analgesia) is an international journal that publishes in English original reviews by experts on topics related to the basic mechanisms and therapeutics of pain relief. See journal index at website for listing. Access checked January 22, 2006.

Seminars in Pain Medicine (Journal)

http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/623186/description#description –– This publication provides anesthesiologists, oncologists, psychologists and others involved in the care of patients with acute and chronic pain with a review of important topics in the field. Site notes that Elsevier will discontinue this journal as of 2006. Access checked February 11, 2006.

Spine (Journal)

http://www.spinejournal.com/ –– This international, peer-reviewed, bi-weekly periodical is a leading subspecialty journal on the treatment of spinal conditions. Access checked February 11, 2006.

Techniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management (Journal)

http://www.techreganesth.org/ –– A quarterly journal with the illustrative aspects of a procedure-oriented atlas. Exact techniques are well-illustrated, giving precise drug dosages and helpful clinical information. In addition, common complications of regional anesthesia and pain management procedures and their appropriate treatments are described. Access checked July 25, 2011.

The American Journal of Critical Care

http://ajcc.aacnjournals.org/ –– Features peer-reviewed research and scientific achievements in the critical care field. The official publication of the American Association of Critical Care Nurses. Warning: site has obtrusive pop-up windows. Access checked January 16, 2006.

The Internet Journal of Anesthesiology

http://www.ispub.com/ostia/index.php?xmlFilePath=journals/ija/front.xml –– A peer reviewed journal focusing on techniques and current research in the field of anesthesiology. However, this site has some commercial undertones. Access checked February 11, 2006.

The Internet Journal of Pain, Symptom Control and Palliative Care

http://www.ispub.com/ostia/index.php?xmlFilePath=journals/ijpsp/front.xml –– An international peer reviewed journal focusing on pain and critical and palliative care issues. This site has some commercial undertones. Access checked February 11, 2006.

The Journal of Headache and Pain

http://www.springer.com/sgw/cda/frontpage/0,,5-10054-70-1151225-0,00.html –– Official Journal of the Italian Society for the Study of Headaches, which publishes original papers, reviews, rapid communications, brief reports, and letters pertinent to the various aspects of headache and pain. Access checked February 11, 2006.

The Journal of Pain

http://www.jpain.org/ –– Journal of the American Pain Society publishes original articles related to all aspects of pain, including clinical and basic research, patient care, education, and health policy. In addition, the journal features invited critical reviews, including meta analyses of drugs for pain management, invited commentaries on reviews, and exceptional case studies. Access checked January 9, 2006.

The Oncologist (Journal)

http://theoncologist.alphamedpress.org/ –– This international peer-reviewed journal publishes original papers, reviews, and commentaries addressing the multimodality diagnosis, treatment, and quality of life of the cancer patient. Access checked January 16, 2006.

The Pain Practitioner (Magazine)

http://www.aapainmanage.org/literature/PainPrac.php –– This quarterly publication is the official magazine of the American Academy of Pain Management. It is provided free with Academy membership, while others may subscribe for a nominal fee. Each issue contains useful information on current pain topics of importance from an interdisciplinary perspective, and the publication is sufficiently non-technical to be of interest to anyone in a healthcare setting. Access checked October 3, 2006.

Topics in Pain Management (Journal)

http://www.lww.com/product/?0882-5646–– This publication reports news on a wide range of pain management topics gleaned from a survey of dozens of journal articles. Individual articles are not accessible via this website. Access checked April 29, 2008.

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Reference Sources / Evidence-Based Medicine

Agency for Health Care Research and Quality Clearinghouse (AHRQ)

http://www.ahrq.gov –– Formerly known as the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, the mission of AHRQ is to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for all Americans. Access checked
December 1, 2005.

American Board of Pain Medicine (ABPM)

http://www.abpm.org/ –– The Board’s purpose is to provide information about the specialty of Pain Medicine to the public, and to evaluate professionals appearing for examination and to certify as Diplomates in Pain Medicine those who are qualified. Access checked March 11. 2006.

Bandolier – Evidence-Based Healthcare

http://www.medicine.ox.ac.uk/bandolier/index.html –– The purpose behind Bandolier is to find information about evidence of effectiveness (or lack of it), and put the results forward as simple bullet points of those things that worked and those that did not: a bandolier with bullets. Information comes from systematic reviews, meta-analyses, randomized trials, and from high quality observational studies. Access checked April 3, 2009.

Brownson’s Nursing Notes

http://members.tripod.com/~DianneBrownson/pain.html –– Offers diverse links to sites dealing with everything from pain management using opioids to chronic pain scales to professional organizations and advocacy groups. Access checked November 30, 2005.

Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM)

http://www.cebm.net/ –– The Centre has been established in Oxford (UK) with the broad aim to promote evidence-based health care and provide support and resources to anyone who wants to make use of them. Access checked November 26, 2005.

ClinicalTrials.gov

http://clinicaltrials.gov –– This site provides regularly updated information about federally and privately supported clinical research in human volunteers. Searching on “pain” will select those of interest to the pain-management field. Access checked March 6, 2006.

Cochrane Collaboration

http://www.cochrane.org –– This international venture is non-profit and independent organization, dedicated to making up-to-date, accurate information about the effects of healthcare readily available worldwide. It produces and disseminates systematic reviews of healthcare interventions and promotes the search for evidence in the form of clinical trials and other studies of interventions. Access checked November 26, 2005.

DrugWatch.com

http://www.DrugWatch.com — This is an independently produced, comprehensive Website database featuring extensive information about thousands of different medications and drugs currently on the market or previously available worldwide. The site includes up-to-date information about prescription and over-the-counter medications and includes details about associated side effects to aid in the protection of patients and consumers. Access checked February 25, 2010.

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

http://www.usdoj.gov/dea/ –– Access is via Department of Justice; among other activities, this agency regulates the prescribing and distribution of opioid pain medications. Access checked November 18, 2005.

Food & Drug Administration (FDA)

http://www.fda.gov/ –– The Federal agency responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, the nation’s food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation. Extensive site, frequently updated, provides information on drug applications and safety. Access checked November 18, 2005.

FDA — Postmarket Drug Safety Information for Patients and Providers

http://www.fda.gov/cder/drugSafety.htm — Healthcare professionals and consumers can now go to a single page on the FDA website to find a wide variety of safety information about prescription drugs. The page serves as a linked index to major features at the FDA’s extensive Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER).

GlobalRPh.com

http://globalrph.com/ — This site is based on a hospital-wide intranet located at the VA Medical Center in Detroit Michigan. It offers a wide variety of information and online calculators regarding medication pharmacokinetics, dosing, rotation, dilutions, and interactions. Access checked May 25, 2010.

HealthLinks – University of Washington

http://healthlinks.washington.edu/ebp –– This site at the University of Washington Health Sciences Libraries serves as a gateway to extensive resources on evidence-based practice and other areas of interest for physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and others. Access checked December 1, 2005.

Medi-Lexicon

http://www.medilexicon.com — Medical dictionary and abbreviations, associations, institutions, and pharmaceutical company search. Plus, medical news and other informational searches for the healthcare professional. Access checked November 7, 2005.

MedlinePlus: Pain (at NLM/NIH)

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/pain.html –– MedlinePlus is a gateway bringing together authoritative information for consumers from the National Library of Medicine (NLM), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and other government agencies and health-related organizations. Access checked March 11, 2006.

MedSearch Inc.

http://medsearchservices.com –– This research firm, founded in 1993 by a medical information specialist with degrees in education and nursing, offers a wide variety of medical literature research services. Their clients come from corporate, institutional, and professional organizations with varying needs for secondary research in all areas of medicine and the biological sciences. Using a broad base of resources that includes subscription access to dozens of online databases, and the literature collections of premier medical libraries, each research project is approached in a customized manner to effectively answer the client’s research question. Access checked June 12, 2009.

National Guidelines Clearing House

http://www.guideline.gov/ –– A comprehensive database of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and related documents, many of which pertain to pain management topics. Access checked January 9, 2006.

Netting the Evidence

http://www.shef.ac.uk/scharr/sections/ir/links ––This site based in the UK is intended to facilitate evidence-based healthcare by providing support and access to helpful organizations and useful learning resources, such as an evidence-based virtual library, software, and journals. The resources can be browsed by type and a search facility is available. Access checked April 24, 2010.

NLM Databases & Electronic Resources

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/databases/index.html –– This useful website is a gateway to the many research databases at the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Access Checked November 27, 2005.

PainExhibit.com

http://www.painexhibit.com/ –– A gallery of artwork by pain sufferers across the globe. Various themes reveal the most important aspects of the pain experience which artists wanted and needed to communicate. Access checked November 26, 2005.

PubMed

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=PubMed — One of the most valuable research tools; provides easy-to-use access to Medline article searches at the National Library of Medicine. Access checked August 17, 2007.

The Mayday Fund

http://www.painandhealth.org/ –– Extensive listing of internet resources relating to pain and pain management. Access checked November 14, 2005.

Users’ Guides to Evidence-Based Practice

http://www.cche.net/usersguides/main.asp –– This site, sponsored by the Centre for Health Science, features the complete set of Users’ Guides originally published as a series in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Access checked November 27, 2005.

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Alphabetical Listing of Websites

To locate the complete information and URL for the respective listing below, activate the “Find on This Page” function in your browser (usually by pressing Control + F) and copy the full name into the search box.

Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine (APM)
Action for ME
Action on Pain
Addiction Recovery Guide
Addiction Treatment Forum
Aftershingles.com
Agency for Health Care Research and Quality Clearinghouse (AHRQ)
Aging with Dignity
American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP)
American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine (AAHPM)
American Academy of Neurology: Chronic Pain
American Academy of Orofacial Pain (AAOP)
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS)
American Academy of Pain Management (AAPM)
American Academy of Pain Medicine
American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (AAPM&R)
American Association for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence (AATOD)
American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)
American Behcet’s Disease Association
American Board of Pain Medicine
American Cancer Society (ACS)
American Chiropractic Association (ACA)
American Chronic Pain Association (ACPA)
American College of Apothecaries (ACA)
American College of Psychiatrists
American College of Rheumatology (ACR)
American Council for Drug Education
American Council for Headache Education (ACHE)
American Headache Society
American Holistic Nurses Association (AHNA)
American Hospice Foundation
American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Medicine
American Massage Therapy Association (AMTA)

American Medical Association (AMA) – CME Series on Pain Management
American NeuroModulation Society
American Pain Foundation
American Pain Society (APS)
American Physical Therapy Association (APTA)
American Psychiatric Association (APA)
American Psychological Association
American Psychosomatic Society
American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM)
American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)
American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)
American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians
American Society of Pain Educators (ASPE)
American Society of Pain Management Nursing (ASPMN)
American Society of Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine (ASRA)
Anaesthesia and Intensive Care (Journal)
Analgesia (Journal)
Anesthesia and Analgesia (Journal)
Anesthesiology (Journal)
Annals of Long-Term Care (Journal)
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (Journal)
Anterior Knee Pain Project
Applied Neurology (Journal)
Arthritis Care and Research (Journal)
Arthritis Foundation
Association of Oncology Social Work (AOSW)
Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
Australian and New Zealand Society of Palliative Medicine
Australian Pain Society
Bandolier – Evidence-Based Healthcare
BMC (BioMed Central) Complementary and Alternative Medicine (Journal)
BMC (BioMed Central) Palliative Care (Journal)
BreakthroughCancerPain.org
BreastCancer.org (Pain Section)
British Pain Society
Brownson’s Nursing Notes
Bulletin on the Rheumatic Diseases
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians
Canada Centre on Substance Abuse (CCSA)
Canadian Anesthesiologists Society (CAS)
Canadian Association of Psychosocial Oncology
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia
Canadian Pain Society (CPS)
Cancer Care
CancerIndex (Guide to Internet Resources for Cancer)
Cancer Pain Education Resources
Cancer Pain Management in Children
Cancer-Pain.org
Cancer Pain Release (publication)
Caring Connections
Center for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)
Center for Alcohol & Addiction Studies (CAAS) at Brown University
Center for Palliative Care Education
Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP)
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT)
Center to Advance Palliative Care (CAPC)
Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM)
Children’s Hospice International (CHI)
Chronic Pain Association of Canada (CPAC)
City of Hope Pain/Palliative Care Resource Center
Clinical Journal of Pain
Clinical Rheumatology (Journal)
ClinicalTrials.gov
Cochrane Collaboration
College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD)
Community Oncology (Journal)
Compassion & Choices
Complementary/Integrative Medicine
Contemporary Long-Term Care
Continuing Education in Anaethesia Critical Care and Pain (Journal)
Critical Care Medicine (Journal)
Critical Care Nurse (Journal)
CSAT Treatment Improvement Exchange (TIE) Network
DrugWatch.com
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
Drug Policy Alliance (DPA)
DS (DrugScope) Daily
Edeledata.org
Emerging Solutions in Pain (ESP)
EndLink (End of Life Care Education)
Endometriosis UK
End of Life Care for Children
End of Life / Palliative Education Resource Center (EPERC)
End of Life Nursing Education Consortium (ELNEC)
EUROPAD (European Opiate Addiction Treatment Association)
European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC)
European Journal of Pain
European Journal of Palliative Care (EJPC)
FDA (Food & Drug Administration)
FDA — Postmarket Drug Safety Information for Patients and Providers
Fibromyalgia Association UK
Fibromyalgia Information Foundation
Fibromyalgia Network
For Grace – Empowering Women in Pain
Geriatric Pain
GetPalliativeCare.org
GlobalRPh.com
Growthhouse.org (Improving Care for the Dying)

Headache Currents (Journal)
Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain
Headache Network Canada (HNC)
Healing Touch International
HealthLinks – University of Washington
Help for Headaches
Hospice & Palliative Nurses Association
Hospice Association of America (HAA)

Hospice Education Institute

Hospice Foundation of America (HFA)
In The Face of Pain
Innovations in EOL Care (Journal)
Institute for the Study and Treatment of Pain (ISTOP)
Intercultural Cancer Council (ICC)

International Association for Pain & Chemical Dependency (IAPCD)
International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP)
International Association of Hospice and Palliative Care
International Center for Advancement of Addiction Treatment
International Children’s Palliative Care Network (ICPCN)
International Congress on Complementary Medicine Research (ISCMR)
International Pelvic Pain Society (IPPS)
International Society for Complementary Medical Research
International Spine Intervention Society
Journal of Cancer Pain & Symptom Palliation
Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO)
Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain
Journal of Neuropathic Pain & Symptom Palliation
Journal of Oncology Practice (JOP)
Journal of Opioid Management
Journal of Orofacial Pain
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
Journal of Pain & Symptom Management
Journal of Palliative Medicine
Last Acts
Let’s Talk Pain
Leukemia Society of America
Lupus (Journal)
Making Sense of Pain Relief
Masterdocs.org (Taylor Micro Technology [TMT])
MayoClinic.com
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Medi-Lexicon
MedlinePlus: Pain (at NLM/NIH)
MedSearch Inc.

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Pain Control Program
MGH Cares About Pain Relief
Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH) – Pain & Symptom Management
Migraine Awareness Group (MAGNUM)
Migraine Resource Network
Molecular Pain (Journal)
National Association of Drug Diversion Investigators (NADDI)
National Back Pain Society (Backcare)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
National Center on Addiction & Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASA)
National Clearinghouse for Alcohol & Drug Information (NCADI)
National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship (NCCS)
National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCADD)
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC)
National Fibromyalgia & Chronic Pain Association (NFCPA)
National Fibromyalgia Association (NFA)
National Fibromyalgia Partnership
National Fibromyalgia Research Association
National Guidelines Clearing House
National Headache Foundation
National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization
National Initiative on Pain Control (NIPC; see PainKnowledge.org)
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

National Institutes of Health (NIH) Pain Consortium

National Mental Health Association
National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD)
National Pain Foundation
National Palliative Care Research Center (NPCRC)
National Vulvodynia Association (NVA)
Netting the Evidence
NLM Databases & Electronic Resources
North American Spine Society
Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP)
Oncolink
Oncology News International
Oncology Nursing Forum (ONF)
Oncology Nursing Society (ONS)
Opioids911-Safety: Help for Safely Using Opioid Pain Relievers
Oxford Pain Internet Site
Pain (Journal)
Pain And Addiction Treatment
Pain and Policy Studies Group
Pain and the Law
Pain Digest (Journal)
Pain Clinical Updates (Journal)
Pain Concern
Pain Connection
Pain in Europe
Pain Management and Chemical Dependency: A Critical Link
Pain Management Nursing (Journal)
Pain Medicine (Journal)
Pain Medicine News (Newsletter)
Pain Physician (Journal)
Pain Relief Connection (Newsletter)
Pain Relief Network (PRN)
Pain Practice (Journal)
Pain Relief Foundation
Pain Research & Management (Journal)
Pain Research Institute
Pain Web
Pain.com
painACTION.com
PainAwarenessMonth.org
PainBalance
PAINClinician.com
PainEDU.org
PainExhibit.com
PainKnowledge.org
PalliativeDrugs.com
Palliative Medicine (Journal)

Pallimed
Partners Against Pain
Power Over Pain (POP) Campaign
Practical Pain Management (Journal)
Psycho-Oncology (Journal)
PubMed
Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Association of America
Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (Journal)
Reviews in Analgesia (Journal)
Seminars in Pain Medicine (Journal)
Society of Critical Care Medicine
Spine (Journal)
Spine-Health

SpineUniverse
Spondylitis Association of America
StopPain.org
Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Supportive Care in Cancer
Tame the Pain
Techniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management (Journal)
The American Journal of Critical Care
The International Society of Nurses in Cancer Care
The Internet Journal of Anesthesiology
The Internet Journal of Pain, Symptom Control and Palliative Care
The Journal of Headache and Pain
The Journal of Pain
The Legal Side of Pain
The Mayday Fund
The Mayday Pain Project
The Neuropathy Association
The Oncologist (Journal)
The Oxford Pain Internet Site
The Pain Practitioner (Magazine)
The Physiotherapy Pain Association (PPA)
The Vulvar Pain Foundation
TMJ Association, Ltd
Topics in Pain Management (Journal)
Treatment Facility Locator (hosted by SAMHSA)
Trigeminal Neuralgia Association (TNA)
United Nations Office on Drugs & Crime
Users’ Guides to Evidence-Based Practice

Virtual Anaesthesia Textbook
VZV Research Foundation (VZRF)
WebMD Pain Management Health Center
World Health Organization (WHO) – Substance Abuse
Zero Intentional Deaths — Methadone/Opioid Safety Campaign